Meet iPhone X

iPhone X
iPhone X

Apple on 12 September announced a new smartphone iPhone X celebrating the tenth anniversary of the launch of the first iPhone. According to Tim Cook, CEO of Apple, this is the future of smartphone. He also thinks that the iPhone X will make many new features it incorporates mainstream, just like the first iPhone made touchscreen mainstream.

iPhone X has an all screen design

Apple has given a special focus on the screen, which is clearly visible due to the all screen design.

The iPhone X has a 5.8-inch display, but would still fit in the palm comfortably. For achieving that Apple trimmed the lower and upper bezels, which led to significant reduction in the size of the device while maintaining a decent screen size. According to Jony Ive, Apple’s chief design officer said, “For more than a decade, our intention has been to create an iPhone that is all display. The iPhone X is the realization of that vision”.

Super Retina Display and use of OLED technology

iPhone X sports a Super Retina Display, which is based on OLED technology. OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode) technology has been here for a long period of time. Many other smartphone manufacturers were already using OLED technology, but Apple didn’t? Why did it take so long to adopt a technology? Apple answered this question at the Apple Event. According to Apple, previously OLED was good at color contrast, high resolution, and thinness, but at the same time not good at brightness, wide color support and color accuracy. According to Apple, OLED technology has now matured to Apple standard. OLED tech is also used in foldable displays, so you can expect a foldable iPhone in the future.

iPhone X’s brain: A11 Bionic

A11 Bionic is the latest in the A series processor family by Apple. As per Apple, A11 Bionic is the most powerful and smartest chip (processor) ever on a smartphone. It is a six-core processor with a 64-bit design. With 4.3 billion transistors this is the brain of the device and enables real-time FaceID, augmented reality, animojis, etc. A11 Bionic has two high-performance core and four high-efficiency cores. The high performance and the high-efficient cores are 25% and 70% faster respectively than the same cores of A10 chip. The A11 chip has for the first time an Apple-designed GPU (Graphics Processing Unit), which is 30% faster and 50% power efficient than the previous one. There is an inbuilt A11 Bionic Neural Engine in the chip for processing data for face recognition for use in FaceID. There is also an M11 motion coprocessor which is used for augmented reality. Overall, iPhone X has more CPU power than any other smartphone.

Camera

iPhone X has got dual 12 megapixel back camera of and a 7 megapixel TrueDepth Camera in the front. The two cameras in the back is a wide-angle (normal camera) and a telephoto (for extra zooming capability). These two cameras combine to give a digital zoom of up to 10x. Portrait lighting is a new feature, which helps in changing the lighting around the focus subject. An example of portrait lighting is the below images. Here the dark background in the second image is possible due to portrait lighting.

Normal background using portrait lightingDark background using portrait lighting

Touch ID Face ID

The all screen design means that there is no longer a home button in the iPhone X. This home button also used to be the fingerprint sensor. So, how to unlock it? Do you now need to enter a password every time you unlock your device? Certainly not. Face ID is here, it remembers your face, so you don’t even need to touch a fingerprint sensor to unlock it. You just have to look at your iPhone X and it unlocks.

How does Face ID work?

Face ID works using TrueDepth Camera System which is at the top of the screen and has various sensors. These sensors include an infrared camera, a dot projector, front camera and flood illuminator. Flood illuminator illuminates your face so that your camera could see you even in dark. Dot projector projects more than 30,000 infrared dots on your face, which are detected by the infrared camera creating a complex mathematical model of your face. This model is matched with an existing model of your face, making sure it is unlocked only by you. The face model updates every time your appearance changes like growing hair or beard etc.

Tricking Face ID, is it possible?

Apple engineers have worked with professional mask makers from Hollywood to make sure Face ID can handle such attempts properly. If someone makes a mask looking just like you, then the infrared camera would easily spot the spoofing attempt. But you do need to worry if you have a twin looking just like you. Face ID will not be able to stop your evil twin from unlocking your iPhone.

Animojis

This is one of the coolest feature available announced. Animoji stands for Animated emojis. You can select one of the several emojis and record your message, which is then converted in real time into animated emojis. Below is a demonstration video on animojis at the Apple Event.

Augmented Reality

Apple knows that method of data consumption is changing. Virtual Reality and Augmented reality are one of the possible pivots. Apple is betting on augmented reality. So, what is Augmented Reality? Augmented reality is the addition of computer-generated graphics to the real environment visible only to the user, or to the person with which the user wants to share it. So, you can project a different planet in your room, which is visible through your phone. Below is a demonstration video by Atli Mar of Directive Games at the Apple event.

iPhone X gives 21 hours of talk time, 12 hours of internet usage, 13 hours of video playback and 60 hours of audio playback. This is impressive. Also, it charges 50% in 30 minutes which is very good.

iPhone X ships with iOS 11, and is priced at US$ 999 (INR 89,000) for 64 GB model and US$ 1,149 (INR 1,02,000) for 256 GB model.

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Aftab Alam

Editor at Verit Nation.

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